Car Accidents Parents’ Liability for Teens’ Car Accidents
Getting a driver’s license and driving a car on your own is a rite of passage for teens in Wisconsin and the world over. But many teen drivers are not yet adults legally, and their parents are still legally responsible, or liable, for any car accidents they may cause.
Unfortunately, teenage drivers are at higher risk of being involved in a car accident. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, although teen drivers (ages of 15 to 20) constitute only 7 percent of all licensed drivers, they are involved in 14 percent of fatal motor vehicle-related crashes in 2019. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), a 16-year-old driver is more than 20 times as likely to have a motor vehicle crash than any other licensed driver. In fact, the leading cause of death among 16- to 20-year-olds is motor vehicle-related crashes.
If you are the parent of a teen driver, we are sure you are concerned every time your child pulls out of the driveway. In addition to their well-being, you have reason to be concerned about the financial consequences of your teenage driver getting into a serious car accident.
In Wisconsin, teens need to be sponsored by an adult to get a learner’s permit and then a driver’s license at the age of 16, unless the teen lives on his or her own. The sponsorship, usually by one or both parents or guardian(s), also makes the sponsor(s) responsible if the teenager causes a car accident.
Under Wisconsin law (Wis. Stat. § 343.15), parents who sign their child’s driver’s license application assume joint and several liability for the child’s negligent or willful misconduct in operating a motor vehicle. “Joint and several liability” refers to multiple parties (teen and parent) being held liable for the same event or act.
The sponsor’s liability is limited to $300,000 or the limits of any applicable insurance coverage, whichever is more.
Most families add a teen to their existing auto insurance policy once the teen becomes licensed to drive. Unlike some forms of auto insurance, liability coverage follows the driver no matter whose vehicle is being operated, provided it is an eligible vehicle.
Once a teen turns 18, they no longer need an adult’s sponsorship to obtain a Wisconsin driver’s license. It also becomes possible to put the title of a car in the teen’s name, and the driver can obtain their own liability insurance. The older teen will then be held liable in any car accident attributed to their negligence.
Putting a car and liability insurance in a young adult’s name may be preferable. After a serious crash, an 18- or 19-year-old will likely have few if any assets beyond insurance coverage and the vehicle to attach in a claim. The parents’ assets would be protected from a personal injury lawsuit growing out of the accident.
Driving is an adult responsibility that our society has decided most teenagers can handle. When teen drivers make mistakes or are negligent or reckless, they can be held accountable. That, too, is part of being an adult.
People injured in accidents with teen drivers can seek help from a car accident attorney to seek compensation for their medical bills, property damage and other losses. The car accident attorneys of Gruber Law Offices serve all of Southeastern Wisconsin, including the communities of Kenosha, Madison, Racine and Waukesha. Our legal team is committed to fighting for justice and helping our clients pursue the maximum possible compensation. We are ready to get to work for you. Call us now.